Caesarea Maritima

   Port-city and major commercial and cultural center of northern Palestine (q.v.). It was rebuilt on a grandiose scale by Herod the Great, king of Judaea (37-4 B.C.). Caesarea Maritima still maintained its architectural and cultural splendor in the time of Eusebios (q.v.), historian of the early church, and bishop of Caesarea from 313 to his death in 339. The city was seized by the Persians (q.v.) in 604 and held by them until 628. It returned to Byzantine possession briefly before the Arabs (q.v.) conquered it around 640, after which it was not recovered.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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